Monday, June 17, 2024

The Factory Orders

In this article, We learn about “The Factory Orders “.Let’s Go!

Factory Orders report is an economic indicator that measures the total number of new orders for durable and nondurable goods received by manufacturers.

It provides insights into the health of manufacturing, business investment and future production levels, making it a valuable tool for policymakers, traders and analysts to assess the strength of the economy.

What is Factory Order Report?

Factory orders include all new orders placed with manufacturers, including orders for consumer goods, capital goods and defense-related items.

This report typically excludes service orders and is divided into two broad categories:

  1. Durable Goods: These are items that have a useful life of more than three years, such as cars, machinery, and computers.
  2. Non-durable goods: These items have a short lifespan, such as food, clothing, and petroleum products.

The Factory Orders report is closely tied to the Durable Goods Orders report, which is released a week earlier and focuses specifically on durable goods orders.


Factory Orders report extends this data by incorporating orders for non-durable goods.

How to read factory order report

Factory orders reports are typically presented as a percentage change compared to the previous month or year.

A positive number indicates an increase in new orders, and a negative number indicates a decrease.

The report may also include data on shipments, backlog, and inventory, which can provide further insight into the state of the manufacturing industry.

When analyzing reports, you must consider the impact of seasonal changes and large one-time orders (such as aircraft orders), which can cause significant fluctuations in loss data.

Analysts often look at “Core ” factory orders data (which excludes volatile items like transportation equipment) to get a clearer picture of underlying trends.

Why is factory order reporting important?

Factory order reporting is important for the following reasons:

  1. Economic Health: Increased factory orders mean growing demand for goods, indicating a healthy and expanding economy. Conversely, a drop in orders could signal economic weakness or contraction.
  2. Business Investment: Factory orders data can provide insight into business investment trends, as businesses typically invest in capital goods in anticipation of rising future demand.
  3. Future Production: Because factory orders represent the pipeline for future production, this report can help predict future output levels and potential changes in employment in the manufacturing industry.

Who issues factory order reports?


Factory Orders Report is published by the U.S. Census Bureau, part of the Commerce Department.


Census Bureau collects data from the Manufacturer Shipments, Inventories, and Orders (M3) Survey, which covers thousands of manufacturing companies across the country.

When will the factory order report be released?

Factory Orders Report is released monthly, usually within the first week of the month following the reporting period.

This data is available on the U.S. Census Bureau’s website and through various financial news outlets and data providers.

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