Friday, May 24, 2024

Qatari Rial (QAR)

Qatar Rial (QAR) is the official currency of Qatar.

The currency was introduced on May 19, 1973, replacing the Saudi riyal at an exchange rate of 1 Qatari riyal to 1 Saudi riyal.

Qatar Central Bank is responsible for issuing and managing the Qatari Rial.

Segments and denominations


Qatar Rial is subdivided into 100 smaller units called Dirham.

Coins are available in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 dirhams and banknotes are available in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 riyals.

Exchange rate

The Qatari Rial is a fixed exchange rate pegged to the United States Dollar (USD).

The exchange rate has been set at 3.64 Qatari rials per US dollar since 2001.

This fixed exchange rate provides stability and predictability to Qatar’s economy, which relies heavily on U.S. dollar-denominated hydrocarbon exports.


Qatar has a high-income economy driven primarily by its abundant natural gas and oil reserves.

The country is the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and a significant oil producer.

These hydrocarbon resources have given Qatar one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.

In order to reduce its dependence on hydrocarbon revenue, Qatar has been pursuing an economic diversification strategy, investing in various industries such as finance, real estate, tourism and manufacturing.

The government has also made significant investments in infrastructure, education and healthcare to ensure long-term, sustainable growth.

Challenges and prospects

Qatar faces multiple economic challenges, including a heavy reliance on hydrocarbon resources, which makes the country vulnerable to fluctuations in global energy prices.

In addition, geopolitical tensions in the region, such as diplomatic crises with several neighboring countries, may pose risks to Qatar’s economy.

To ensure long-term economic stability and growth, Qatar must continue to diversify its economy, invest in human capital development, and address any geopolitical risks.

The country’s hosting of the 2022 FIFA World Cup is expected to bring significant investment and international attention, further supporting its economic diversification efforts.


In summary, the Qatari Rial is the official currency of Qatar and is administered by the Qatar Central Bank.

Currency is divided into dirhams, with coins and banknotes of various denominations.

The rial’s fixed exchange rate, pegged to the U.S. dollar, provides stability to the Qatari economy.

Qatar’s high-income economy is driven primarily by its abundant hydrocarbon resources, but the country is pursuing an economic diversification strategy to reduce its reliance on these resources.

Qatar faces challenges such as dependence on hydrocarbon revenues and geopolitical tensions, but is working hard to address these issues and ensure sustainable growth.

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