Saturday, July 20, 2024

Nigerian Naira (NGN)

The Nigerian Naira (NGN) is the official currency of Nigeria.

Introduced on January 1, 1973, replacing the Nigerian pound at an exchange rate of 2 naira to 1 pound.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is responsible for issuing and administering the Nigerian Naira.

Segments and denominations


Nigerian Naira is subdivided into 100 smaller units known as kobo.

Coins are issued in denominations of 50 kobo, as well as 1 and 2 naira.

Banknotes are available in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 Naira.

Exchange rate

The Nigerian naira operates a managed floating exchange rate system, which means that the Central Bank of Nigeria allows the value of the currency to fluctuate within a certain range and intervenes when necessary to maintain stability.

Factors that affect the value of the Nigerian Naira include inflation, interest rates, economic growth and geopolitical events.


Nigeria has a mixed economy, with petroleum, agriculture, manufacturing and service industries contributing significantly.

The country is a major exporter of crude oil, which accounts for a large portion of its export revenue.

However, Nigeria faces various economic challenges such as high unemployment, widespread poverty, inadequate infrastructure, and a large informal sector.

Challenges and prospects

The Nigerian economy faces multiple challenges, including the need to diversify export markets, reduce dependence on oil, and invest in infrastructure and human capital development.

The country also faces security issues such as terrorism and civil unrest, which can have a negative impact on economic growth.

In the long term, Nigeria’s economic prospects will depend on its ability to effectively manage natural resources, promote sustainable development, and adapt to global economic and environmental changes.


To summarize, the Nigerian Naira is the official currency of Nigeria and is managed by the Central Bank of Nigeria.

Currency is subdivided into kobo, with coins and banknotes issued in various denominations.

Nigeria has a mixed economy with significant contributions from petroleum, agriculture, manufacturing and services.

The Nigerian Naira implements a managed floating exchange rate system, and its value is affected by various factors such as inflation and interest rates.

The Nigerian economy faces challenges such as diversifying export markets, reducing dependence on oil, and addressing infrastructure and security issues.

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